Starting a startup is an exciting and challenging journey. However, the reality is that most startups fail. @ Cédric Walter | Friday, Jan 5, 2024 | 13 minutes read | 2618 Words | Update at Friday, Jan 26, 2024

Starting a startup is an exciting and challenging journey. However, the reality is that most startups fail. According to a report by Harvard Business, approximately 90% of startups fail within the first year (Why Start-ups Fail - Harvard Business Review. https://hbr.org/2021/05/why-start-ups-fail) . By understanding the common reasons for startup failure and following the tips outlined above, you can navigate the challenges of entrepreneurship and build a successful business. Good luck!

The reasons for startup failure can be many

Some of the most common ones are:

Lack of market demand

Many startups fail because they offer a product or service for which there’s no substantial market need. They build a product based on an idea they think is great, but they don’t validate this assumption with solid market research. On the other hand, some entrepreneurs may overestimate the market size, leading to unrealistic projections and subsequent disappointment when these figures aren’t met. Both scenarios can lead to premature business demise.

Lack of funding or financial mismanagement

Starting a business requires capital. Many startups fail because they run out of cash or have poor financial management. It’s essential to have a solid financial plan and to keep track of your expenses and revenue.

Bad team dynamics

A startup’s success depends on the team’s ability to work together effectively. If there’s disharmony among the team or investors, it can lead to the company’s downfall. It’s essential to have a team that shares the same vision and values and is committed to the company’s success.

Poor execution

Even if you have a great idea, it’s essential to execute it well. Many startups fail because they don’t have a clear plan or don’t execute it effectively. It’s essential to have a solid business plan, set realistic goals, and track your progress.

To avoid these pitfalls, here are some tips for startups

Understand your market

Conduct thorough market research to understand your target audience, their needs, and their pain points. Validate your assumptions with real-world data.

  1. Identify your target audience: Determine who your ideal customers are by considering factors such as age, location, income, interests, and preferences. This will help you tailor your products or services to meet their specific needs and expectations.
  2. Analyze industry trends: Research the latest developments in your market sector to identify emerging opportunities, threats, and shifts in consumer behavior. This will help you stay ahead of competitors and adapt your strategies accordingly.
  3. Study your competition: Investigate other businesses that offer similar products or services as yours and analyze their strengths, weaknesses, pricing, marketing efforts, and customer feedback. This will give you insights into how to differentiate yourself and gain a competitive advantage.
  4. Evaluate customer pain points: Identify the problems or challenges your target audience faces that are not being addressed by existing solutions. This will help you create innovative products or services that provide value and solve their issues more effectively than alternatives.
  5. Assess market gaps: Look for areas where there is a lack of suitable offerings for your target audience, which could be an opportunity to introduce new products or services that cater to those needs. This will help you capture untapped markets and grow your customer base.
  6. Define your unique selling proposition (USP): Determine what sets your startup apart from competitors and how you can communicate this value effectively to your target audience. Your USP should highlight the benefits of choosing your products or services over alternatives, such as better quality, lower price, or more personalized experience.
  7. Establish market segmentation: Divide your target audience into smaller groups based on shared characteristics and preferences. This will help you tailor your marketing efforts and product offerings to each segment’s specific needs, increasing the likelihood of success with each group.
  8. Develop customer personas: Create detailed profiles of your ideal customers, including their demographics, psychographics, behaviors, goals, challenges, and preferences. This will help you better understand their motivations and tailor your marketing strategies to resonate with them more effectively.

Have a solid financial plan

Create a detailed financial plan that includes your expenses, revenue, and cash flow projections. Keep track of your finances and adjust your plan as needed.

  1. Define your startup’s objectives: Clearly outline the goals you want to achieve with your business and how they will contribute to its success. This will help guide your financial planning process and ensure it aligns with your overall vision.
  2. Conduct market research: Understand your target audience, industry trends, and competitive landscape to inform your pricing strategy, revenue projections, and cost structure. This will help you create realistic financial forecasts based on accurate data.
  3. Develop a detailed budget: Create a comprehensive budget that outlines your startup’s projected income, expenses, and cash flow for the next 12 months or more. Include items such as staff salaries, rent, marketing costs, inventory, and other operational expenses.
  4. Set realistic revenue projections: Estimate how much money your startup will generate from sales of products or services based on historical data, industry benchmarks, and market research. Be conservative in your estimates to account for potential challenges or uncertainties.
  5. Plan for growth: Allocate funds for expansion, hiring new staff, investing in marketing, or other initiatives that will help you scale your business and achieve your objectives. This will ensure you have the resources needed to support growth and capitalize on opportunities as they arise.
  6. Monitor and adjust your financial plan: Regularly review your startup’s actual performance against its budget and financial projections, identify any discrepancies or issues, and make necessary changes to your plan to stay on track. This will help you adapt to changing circumstances and maintain control over your finances.
  7. Seek external funding if needed: If your startup requires additional capital beyond its initial resources or cash flow projections, consider seeking investment from angel investors, venture capitalists, or other sources. Be prepared to present a compelling pitch that outlines your business plan, financial forecasts, and growth potential.
  8. Implement proper accounting practices: Establish a robust bookkeeping system to track your startup’s income, expenses, and cash flow accurately. This will help you stay organized, maintain accurate financial records, and make informed decisions based on reliable data.
  9. Create a contingency plan: Identify potential risks or challenges that could impact your startup’s finances, such as market fluctuations, economic downturns, or unforeseen expenses, and develop strategies to mitigate their effects. This will help you prepare for the unexpected and protect your business from financial strain.
  10. Consult with professionals: Seek advice from experienced accountants, lawyers, or financial advisors who can provide guidance on tax planning, legal matters, and other aspects of managing your startup’s finances effectively.

Build a strong team

Hire people who share your vision and values and are committed to the company’s success. Encourage open communication and collaboration.

  1. Define roles and responsibilities: Clearly outline the roles, responsibilities, and expectations of each team member to ensure everyone understands their contributions to the company’s success. This will help avoid confusion and misunderstandings within your startup.
  2. Hire for attitude and potential: Look beyond candidates’ resumes and focus on their attitudes, work ethic, and growth potential. A positive mindset and willingness to learn can be more valuable than years of experience in a startup environment.
  3. Establish a strong company culture: Create a unique and inspiring company culture that reflects your startup’s values, mission, and goals. This will help attract like-minded individuals who share your vision and are motivated to contribute to the business’s success.
  4. Provide opportunities for growth: Encourage team members to learn new skills, take on additional responsibilities, and advance within the company. Offering growth opportunities can boost morale, increase job satisfaction, and help retain top talent in your startup.
  5. Foster collaboration and communication: Promote open dialogue among team members and encourage them to collaborate and share ideas. This will help create a supportive environment where everyone feels heard and valued, leading to increased innovation and productivity.
  6. Set clear goals and expectations: Establish measurable objectives for your team and ensure each member understands their role in achieving those goals. Regularly review progress and provide feedback to help them stay on track and motivated.
  7. Celebrate achievements and milestones: Recognize and reward the hard work and accomplishments of your team members, both individually and as a group. This will boost morale, reinforce positive behaviors, and foster a sense of pride in your startup’s successes.
  8. Address conflicts and challenges promptly: Deal with any disagreements or issues within the team quickly and fairly to prevent them from escalating and negatively impacting productivity or morale. Open communication and transparency can help resolve most problems effectively.
  9. Lead by example: As a startup founder, demonstrate strong leadership qualities such as integrity, dedication, and adaptability. Your actions will set the tone for your team’s behavior and influence their attitudes towards work and collaboration.
  10. Continuously evaluate and improve: Regularly assess your team’s performance and identify areas where you can enhance their skills or processes.

Execute effectively

Have a clear plan and set realistic goals. Track your progress and adjust your plan as needed.

  1. Define clear goals: Establish specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) objectives for your startup. This will help you stay focused and motivated as you work towards success.
  2. Develop a strategic plan: Outline the steps needed to achieve your goals, including marketing strategies, product development plans, financial projections, and growth targets. This roadmap will guide your decision-making process and keep your startup on track.
  3. Assemble a strong team: Hire talented individuals who share your vision and complement each other’s skills. A diverse and dedicated team is crucial for executing your strategic plan effectively.
  4. Establish processes and systems: Implement efficient workflows, communication channels, and data management practices to ensure smooth operations within your startup. This will help you maintain control over various aspects of your business and make better-informed decisions.
  5. Prioritize tasks and delegate responsibilities: Identify the most critical tasks that contribute to achieving your goals and focus on them first. Delegate or outsource other tasks to free up time for more important priorities.
  6. Monitor progress and adjust as needed: Regularly review your startup’s performance against its objectives, identify areas of improvement, and make necessary changes to your strategic plan or processes. This will help you stay agile and adaptive in the face of challenges or changing market conditions.
  7. Communicate effectively with stakeholders: Keep your team, investors, customers, and other relevant parties informed about your startup’s progress, achievements, and setbacks. Open communication can help build trust, maintain morale, and foster collaboration among all involved in the business.
  8. Focus on customer needs: Understand your target audience’s preferences, pain points, and expectations to tailor your products or services accordingly. Delivering value to your customers will drive growth and success for your startup.
  9. Manage resources wisely: Allocate funding, time, and personnel efficiently across various projects and initiatives within your startup. This will help you maximize the impact of your limited resources and minimize waste or inefficiencies.
  10. Stay informed about industry trends: Keep up-to-date with developments in your market sector to identify new opportunities, stay ahead of competitors, and adapt your strategies as needed.

Embrace failure

Failure is a part of the startup journey. Learn from your mistakes and use them to improve your business.

  1. Cultivate a growth mindset: Understand that failures are opportunities for learning and growth. Embrace challenges and view them as stepping stones towards success.
  2. Establish a culture of feedback: Encourage open communication within your team, where everyone feels comfortable sharing their thoughts, ideas, and concerns without fear of judgment or retribution.
  3. Foster experimentation: Promote a culture of testing and learning from failures by encouraging your team to try new things, take calculated risks, and learn from the outcomes.
  4. Develop resilience: Teach yourself and your team how to bounce back from setbacks and maintain a positive attitude even in difficult situations.
  5. Learn from others: Seek advice and insights from successful entrepreneurs who have experienced failures, read books or articles about failure and success, and attend workshops or conferences that focus on these topics.
  6. Celebrate small wins: Acknowledge and celebrate the progress your startup makes, no matter how small it may seem. This will help maintain morale and motivation throughout the ups and downs of entrepreneurship.
  7. Set realistic expectations: Understand that failure is a natural part of starting a business and be prepared for setbacks along the way. Manage your team’s expectations by setting achievable goals and celebrating progress towards them.
  8. Reflect on failures: Regularly review your startup’s failures to identify patterns, learn from mistakes, and make necessary adjustments to improve performance and avoid repeating the same errors.
  9. Build a support network: Surround yourself with mentors, advisers, investors, and other entrepreneurs who can offer guidance, resources, and encouragement during challenging times.
  10. Stay flexible: Be prepared to adapt your business model or strategy as needed in response to failures or changing market conditions. This flexibility will help you stay agile and responsive to the needs of your customers and industry.

“You Screwed Up!” by Alice Hlidkova

You Screwed Up! by Alice Hlidkova

The book “You Screwed Up!” by Alice Hlidkova is a self-help book that offers valuable insights into the lessons learned from failure in entrepreneurship. The author compiles interviews with entrepreneurs who share their story in anonymity, giving them a safe space to reflect on their mistakes and successes.

One of the key themes of the book is how running a startup can be stressful, and with big pain points to be learned. Despite this, what motivates so many entrepreneurs to take that risk? The author explores this question by delving into the motivations behind entrepreneurship, including the desire for freedom, autonomy, and the pursuit of success.

Another important aspect of the book is the lessons learned from failure. While it can be difficult to admit when you’ve made a mistake, the entrepreneurs interviewed in “You Screwed Up!” share their stories and offer valuable insights into what went wrong and how they could have done things differently. The author identifies common patterns that emerged from these interviews, such as delivering incomplete or lucid contracts, making risky investments, ignoring due diligence, and trusting the wrong investors.

One of the strengths of the book is its focus on entrepreneurship specifically. While many self-help books offer general advice, “You Screwed Up!” is tailored to those who are starting a business or looking to take their company to the next level. The author provides practical tips and strategies for entrepreneurs at all stages of their journey, from idea generation to scaling up.

Overall, “You Screwed Up!” by Alice Hlidkova is an inspiring and informative book that offers valuable insights into entrepreneurship and the lessons learned from failure. Whether you’re just starting out or looking to take your business to the next level, this book is sure to be helpful in guiding you towards success.

The author hub is https://www.alicehlidkova.com or https://www.booksbyalice.com

Book and Audiobooks are available on all platforms:

Want to read more on the subject?

Related content

'You Screwed Up!' by Alice Hlidkova

Why Every Entrepreneur Should Read 'You Screwed Up!' by Alice Hlidkova

Monday, Jan 15, 2024

Are you on a quest for success 🚀 but find yourself hesitant to embrace your failures? Alice Hlidkova’s ‘You Screwed Up!’ is a game-changer that every aspiring and seasoned entrepreneur should have on their reading list. 📘 Let me tell you why this book is an absolute must-read!
4 minutes read
Turning Setbacks into Success: Tales of Resilience from Entrepreneurs

Turning Setbacks into Success: Tales of Resilience from Entrepreneurs

Monday, Jan 8, 2024

In the ever-evolving landscape of entrepreneurship, setbacks are an inevitable part of the journey. What sets successful entrepreneurs apart is their ability to transform these challenges into opportunities for growth. In You Screwed Up! by Alice Hlidkova, readers are treated to a collection of inspiring stories that highlight the remarkable resilience and determination of entrepreneurs who faced significant setbacks but ultimately turned them into stepping stones towards success.
3 minutes read
a room full of person being interviewed

Providing entrepreneurs a safe space to openly reflect on their experiences

Thursday, Jan 11, 2024

In the realm of entrepreneurship, the journey is often painted with both triumphs and tribulations. Behind the glossy success stories lie untold narratives, lessons learned, and challenges overcome. To capture the authentic essence of these experiences, the process of conducting anonymous interviews for a book emerges as a powerful tool. This approach provides entrepreneurs with a safe space to openly reflect on their journeys, fostering a level of vulnerability that contributes significantly to the book’s authenticity.
4 minutes read

© 1997 - 2024 Cédric Walter blog

Powered by Open Sources technologies

avatar

Cédric WalterA true selfless act always sparks another

6s A1 Acide-Hyaluronique Acma Adaptability Advocate-for-Change Ai Airplane Algorand Alice-Hlidkova-Author Alpine Alps Altruism-vs-Commercialization Antique-Scooters Antiseptic-Rinse Apache Arcade Arcade-Gaming Armattan Art Artemis Artemis-Viper Artistic-Expression Atlassian Authenticity-in-Writing Authenticity-Matters Avis Bag Bambulab Bash Bean Bennu Bernardet Bestwishes Betaflight Betruger Beware Bien-Vivre Bien-Être Bien-Être-Physique Bio Bioethics Bitcoin Blessures-Sportives Blockchain Blockchain-Consensus-Encyclopedia Blockchain-Systems Blog Book-Review Books Bots Bought Box Brand-Authenticity Brand-Integrity Brand-Protection Breaking-Barriers Business-Management Business-Milestones Business-Strategy Business-Success Business-Transformation Businessbooks Byzantine-Fault-Tolerance Calculator Calibre Calibre-Web Camera Case-Studies Cc2500 Cgm-Next Challenges Changement-De-Vie Channel-Setup Cheaper Cherry-Blossoms Chirurgie-Orthopédique Choosing-Fbl-Gyro Ci/Cd Classic-Games Classic-Scooters Classic-Vespa Climb Climbing Codefest Collectible-Scooters Collectibles Collection Collector Color Competition Consensus-Algorithms Consensus-Mechanisms Console Consommation-Responsable Consumer-Awareness Containerization Contest Control-Surfaces Controller Copy Corticostéroïdes Counterfeit-Awareness Counterfeit-Culture Counterfeit-Market Counterfeit-vs-Authentic Covid19 Creating Croissance-Personnelle Cryptocurrency Cultural-Experience Cultural-Richness Curve-Adjustments Customer-Discovery Cve-Issues Dance-Dreams Death Decentralization Decentralized Dental-Hygiene Dependency Design Development Devfest Devops Distributed-Ledger-Technology Diverse-Perspectives Diy-Dental Diy-Health Dji Docker Docker-Compose Docker-Hosting Docker-Networking Docker-Registry Docker-Security Dont-Buy Dotnet Download Downloading Dreams-and-Reality Drone Dynamic-Ip Désencombrement Développement-Personnel Développement-Spirituel Ecology Edgetx Elrs Elta Emotional-Challenges Emotional-Hurdles Empowering-Narrative Endpoints Engelberg Ensitm Entrepreneurial-Lessons Entrepreneurial-Mindset Entrepreneurs Entrepreneurship Entrepreneurship-Books Essaim Essentially Ethereum Ethical-Dilemmas Evoque Execution Exercices-De-Renforcement Exercise-Form Facebook Failure-Analysis Failure-Stigma Failure-to-Success Fake Fake-Apparel Fake-Brands Fake-Goods Family Family-Building Family-Dynamics Fashion-Ethics Fashion-Fraud Fbl-Controllers Fbl-System-Compatibility Fbl-System-Features Fbl-System-Reviews Fertility-Struggles Finance-Books Finances-Personnelles Financial-Modeling Financiallanning Firearm Firmware-Customization Firmware-Issues Fissure-Horizontale Fitness-Routine Fitness-Tips Flexibilité Flight-Controller Flybarless-Advantages Flybarless-Systems Foss Fpv Frame France Freestyle Fresh-Breath Friendship-Goals Front Gallery Game-Music Gameplay-Mechanics Gamer-Community Games Gaming-Culture Gaming-Enthusiast Gaming-History Gaming-Legacy Gaming-Nostalgia Generative-Ai Genou Gestion-De-Ladouleur Gestion-Du-Temps Git Global-Impact Google Green-Tea Green-Tea-Mouthwash Growth-Hacking-Books Growth-Mindset Guide Hackathon Hackday Hackfest Health-and-Wellness Helicopter Helicopter-Community Helicopter-Gyro Helicopter-Tuning Herbal-Mouthwash Hewlettpackard Historical-Scooters Hobbies Hobby Hobbyist-Blog Holidays Holistic-Oralcare Hollidays Home-Remedy Home-Workouts Homelab Homemade-Oralcare Honda Honesty Honey Hornet How-To HowTo Https Hugo Human-Connection Hygiene-Routine Icecream Iconic-Scooters Iflight Iflightnazgulevoque Immich Indoor Industrial-Shit Industry Injections-Intra-Articulaires Injury-Prevention Innovation Innovation-Books Innovation-Journey Ios Japan-Travel Japanese-Cuisine Jar Java Jdk11 Jellyfin Joint-Health Junit Jupiter Kitchen Knee-Rehabilitation Knee-Stability Knockoff-Alert Kyoto Lacoste Lacoste-Counterfeit Lambretta Landmarks Leadership Leadership-Books Lean-Startup Learning-From-Failure Leg-Day Leg-Workouts Legal-Complexities Legit-Fashion Let's-Encrypt Libération Life-Transformations Link Linux Llm Local-Traditions M2evo Macos Magical-Adventure Magician-Lord Main Make Manurhin Manurhin-Sm75 Mapping Marathon Market-Research Marketing-Books Maven Me Medical Medical-Advancements Metakernel Miami-Entertainment Mid-Century-Scooters Migration Mindset-Shifts Minimalisme Minimum-Viable-Product Minty-Fresh Mixer-Settings Mk3 Mk4 Mobilité Model-Setup Modern-Family Modern-Motherhood Moon Moral-Encounters Motherhood-Dilemmas Motorcycle Mount Mountain Mountains Mouth-Rinse Mouthwash-Ingredients Mouthwash-Recipe Mulhouse Muscle-Activation Music Mvs Mycollection Ménisque NASA Natural-Mouthwash Nature Nazgul Neo-Geo-Aes Neogeo Network New-Bookrelease Nginx-Proxy North-Face North-Face-Replica Nostalgic-Scooters Nv14 Objectifs Old-School-Scooters Omphobby Open-Source Open-Source-Rc Opensource Opentx Openvpn Oral-Care Oral-Health Organizer Osaka Oss Overcoming-Challenges P1p P1s Parental-Rights Parenthood-Reflections Parts Passion Patella-Health Persistence Personal-Relationships Photos Physical-Therapy Physiothérapie Pivot-Strategy Pixel-Art Planet Plasma-Riche-en-Plaquettes Platform Plex Pluto Pretty-Girl-Complex Privacy Product-Market-Fit Productivity-Books Proof-of-Stake Proof-of-Work Protect-Your-Style Prusa Prusa-Research Public-Image Quadcopter Quadriceps-Strength Radio-Control Radio-Programming Radiomaster Rare-Scooters Raspberrypi Raspbian Rates-Configuration Rc Rc-Community Rc-Configuration Rc-Firmware Rc-Helicopter Rc-Helicopter-Electronics Rc-Helicopter-Enthusiasts Rc-Helicopter-Setup Rc-Helicopter-Technology Rc-Helicopter-Tips Rc-Helicopters Rc-Modeling Rc-Simulator Realdebrid Realflight Receiver Reflex-Xtr Refreshing-Breath Rehabilitation-Exercises Relations-Personnelles Relationship-Complexities Released Remote Remote-Control-Flying Reproductive-Ethics Resilience-in-Business Resilient-Women Restored-Scooters Retro-Gaming Retro-Gaming-Community Retro-Gaming-Console Retro-Scooters Reverse-Proxy Rhythms-of-Life Risk-Management Robotic Router Rx Réadaptation Rééducation Sab Sab-Raw-420 Sab-Raw-580 Sab-Raw-700 Sales-Books Santé-Articulaire Santé-Mentale Scooter-Enthusiast Scooter-Memorabilia Scooters Security-Nightmare Self-Leveling-Helicopter Server-Configuration Servo-Config Skydiving Snk Snk-Corporation Snk-Neo-Geo Soap Social-Issues Solex Space Spams Sport Ssl-Termination Ssl/Tls Startup-Books Startup-Failure Static-Code-Generator Steam Strategic-Networking Streaming Strength-Training Success-Stories Sun Support Surrogacy-Agency Surrogacy-Journey Surrogacy-Narratives Swiftui Swiss Switzerland Team Team-Building Team-Dynamics Teeth-Cleaning Temples-and-Shrines Tendermint Terrot Thérapie-Physique Tokyo Torvol Traefik Traitement-Des-Fissures Transmitter Transmitter-Firmware Travel Travel-Tips Trouver-Du-Sens Tunnel Turning-Setbacks-Into-Success Tutorial Tx Unconventional-Strategies Vacation Velosolex Vespa Viaferrata Video Video-Game-Review Vintage Vintage-Scooters Vintage-Two-Wheelers Vintage-Vespa Vintagegaming Vmo-Exercises Warez Web-Security Wind Winner Winterthur Women-Supporting-Women Wordpress Workout-Progression X1c Zurich Zyxel Zyxel-Avoid Zyxel-Not-Serious-With-Security Zyxel-Outdated Zyxel-Router-Not-Good Équilibre
Me

Cédric Walter is a French-Swiss entrepreneur, investor, and software engineer based in Zurich, Switzerland. He spent his career developing software applications for Swiss insurance companies to handle billions of dollars in premiums. He cofounded Innoveo AG and as the software architect developed the no-code platform designed to reduce the manual coding that powers many software apps. As an active participant in the European hacking community, he works on many open source projects including blockchain. Cédric is a winner of multiple hackathons. His expertise include designing back end, event-based, and blockchain systems. Cédric is also the founded Disruptr GmbH, a software development company that offers full spectrum of services for businesses of all sizes.

JAVA full-stack developer since 2000, in Blockchain since 2017, Certified Scrum Master 2012, Corda Certified Developer in 2019, Ethereum smart contract expert in the SWISS Blockchain Security working group

Hackathons

  • HackZurich 2022 – Level Up in top 25 finalist among 134 submissions
  • SBHACK21 – SwiFi winner of best Solution on Algorand, overall Winner 3rd Prize, CV Labs Fast Track Ticket
  • HackZurich 2020 Europe’s Biggest Hackathon winner in category Migros
  • SBHACK19 – LendIt winner of Swiss biggest Blockchain Hackathon. On chain insurance and ledger for agricultural land soil.
  • Member of the Bitcoin Association Switzerland and Cryptovalley association Switzerland,

PGP: DF52 ADDA C81A 08A6

Copyright information

All editorial content and graphics on our sites are protected by U.S. copyright, international treaties, and other applicable copyright laws and may not be copied without the express permission of Cedric Walter, which reserves all rights. Reuse of any of Cedric Walter editorial content and graphics for any purpose without The author ’s permission is strictly prohibited.

DO NOT copy or adapt the HTML or other code that this site creates to generate pages. It also is covered by copyright.

Reproduction without explicit permission is prohibited. All Rights Reserved. All photos remain copyright © their rightful owners. No copyright infringement is intended.

Disclaimer: The editor(s) reserve the right to edit any comments that are found to be abusive, offensive, contain profanity, serves as spam, is largely self-promotional, or displaying attempts to harbour irrelevant text links for any purpose.

Others

If you like my work or find it helpful, please consider buying me a cup of coffee ☕️. It inspires me to create and maintain more projects in the future. 🦾

It is better to attach some information or leave a message so that I can record the donation 📝 , thank you very much 🙏.

Reproduction without explicit permission is prohibited. All Rights Reserved. All photos remain copyright © their rightful owners. No copyright infringement is intended.