GoHugo tips and tricks, moving away from wordpress @ Cédric Walter | Wednesday, Dec 27, 2023 | 5 minutes read | 983 Words | Update at Sunday, Jan 28, 2024

Why leaving Wordpress for Hugo

  1. If you are the sole person writing posts, using Github Pages as your hosting platform might be a good option for you. This will allow you to focus on creating content without worrying about technical aspects such as security, updates, and maintenance (Bye bye Wordpress, plugins, PHP, Linux, Mysql).
  2. HTML is indeed fast and secure, especially when combined with properly optimized images. You can use a tool like Google PageSpeed Insights to analyze your website’s performance and identify areas for improvement.
  3. The ability to search and replace text in your files is a useful feature that can help you maintain consistency and accuracy across your content. This can be done using a text editor such as Visual Studio Code, which offer advanced search and replace functionality.
  4. As a software engineer, it makes sense for me and I enjoy working with Visual Studio and utilizing plugins (e.g. Visual Studio’s Markdown Extension) to enhance my workflow. You can explore various extensions for Visual Studio!
  5. Backup and versioning is done using Github only drawback I currently see is that the free hosting of github pages can stop anytime.

LastMod alsways up to date

Instead of defining lastmod in front matter, use the git author date or the file modification time when displaying .Lastmod on a page.


With this site configuration…

enableGitInfo = true

lastmod = [':git', ':fileModTime']

…the .Lastmod page method will first try to retrieve the git author date. If that fails, it will look at the file modification time (mtime).

Use archetype

Create a file in your theme folder, e.g. in themes/dream/archetypes/posts.md

title: {{ replace .TranslationBaseName "-" " " | title }}
date: {{ .Date }}
cover: /cover.webp
summary: "summary"
  - category1
  - tag1
Cut out summary from your post content here.
The remaining content of your post.

It will be use when invoking:

hugo new content posts/n-intersting-post.md

Some awesome shortcode

Dynamic TOC highlighting and collapsible functionality

see https://github.com/tscanlin/tocbot

Custom code, not as good as TocBot

Hugo TableOfContents that highlight when scrolling in JQuery

Add to your main javascript file

$(document).ready(function () {
      // collapse levels with more than 1 child
      $('#TableOfContents li').each(function() {
        if ($(this).children('ul').length >= 1) {

      // make them clickable
      $('#TableOfContents li').click(function(event) {
        if ($(this).children('ul').length >= 1) {

    const toc = $('#TableOfContents');
    if (toc.length) {
        const links = toc.find('a');
        if (links.length) {
            const observer = new IntersectionObserver(els => els.forEach(el => {
                const id = el.target.id;
                id && el.isIntersecting && links.each(function() {
                    const $this = $(this);
                    $this.toggleClass('active', $this.attr('href') === '#' + id);

            $('h1,h2,h3,h4,h5,h6').each(function() {
                const $this = $(this);
                $this[0].nodeType === 1 && observer.observe($this[0]);


use this css or modify to your liking

.active {
    background-color: #ccff00!important; /* Highlight color, you can change this */
    color: #fff !important; /* Text color, you can change this */
    text-decoration: none; /* Remove underlines, adjust as needed */
    transition: background-color 0.3s ease; /* Smooth transition effect */

.active:hover {
    background-color: #ccff00; /* Darker highlight color on hover, you can change this */

.collapsed {
    list-style-type: none; /* Remove default list item marker */

.collapsed:before {
    content: '+ '; /* Set content to a plus symbol followed by a space */
    display: inline-block; /* Ensure the content is treated as a block element */
    width: 1em; /* Adjust the width as needed */
    margin-right: 5px; /* Adjust the spacing to your preference */

Process css and js

at the place you use your CSS

{{ $semanticCss := resources.Get "/css/semantic.min.css" }}
{{ $semanticCss = $semanticCss | resources.PostCSS }}
{{ if hugo.IsProduction }}
   {{ $semanticCss = $semanticCss | minify | fingerprint | resources.PostProcess }}
{{ end }}
<link href="{{ $semanticCss.RelPermalink }}" rel="stylesheet" />

Some useful bash scripts for Hugo blog owner

These are useful to clean up or maintain a Hugo blog

Normalize filename extensions to lowercase

This avoid any mess like .JPG .Jpg .webp and so on

[!CAUTION] To be run ONLY in your static folder!

find . -type f | while read -r file; do
    extension=$(echo "$file" | awk -F. '{print tolower($NF)}')
    mv "$file" "${file%.*}.$extension"

Fix jpg to jpeg

jpg is old pre windows 1992, consistently use jpeg

[!CAUTION] To be run ONLY in your static folder!

find . -type f -name "*.jpg" -exec sh -c 'mv -i "$0" "${0%.jpg}.jpeg"' {} \;

creating thumbs files

Create thumbs run only in gallery folder, I use a shortcode foldergallery.html

[!CAUTION] To be run ONLY in your static folder!

for i in `find . -type f ! -name "*-thumb.jpeg" -name "*.jpeg"`; do echo $i; if [ -f ${i%.*}-thumb.jpeg ]; then continue; fi; convert $i -resize 352x352 ${i%.*}-thumb.jpeg; done

WEBP next generation image format

Create webp, I use a shortcode picture.html

[!CAUTION] To be run ONLY in your static folder! recursive and support space in path

find . -name "*.webp" -delete

find . -type f -name "*.jpeg" -exec sh -c 'cwebp -q 80 "$0" -o "${0%.jpeg}.webp"' {} \;
find . -type f -name "*.png" -exec sh -c 'cwebp -q 80 "$0" -o "${0%.png}.webp"' {} \;
find . -type f -name "*.gif" -exec sh -c 'cwebp -q 80 "$0" -o "${0%.gif}.webp"' {} \;

Hugo Shortcode

Optimize images

{{ $image := .Get "src" }}
{{ $alt := .Get "alt" }}
{{ $avif := $image | relURL | replaceRE `(\.\w+)$` ".avif" | absURL }}
{{ $webp := $image | relURL | replaceRE `(\.\w+)$` ".webp" | absURL }}

    <source type="image/webp" srcset="{{ $webp }}">

    <img loading="lazy" src="{{ $image | absURL }}" title="{{ $alt }}" alt="{{ $alt }}"
  <figcaption>{{ $alt }}</figcaption>



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Cédric Walter is a French-Swiss entrepreneur, investor, and software engineer based in Zurich, Switzerland. He spent his career developing software applications for Swiss insurance companies to handle billions of dollars in premiums. He cofounded Innoveo AG and as the software architect developed the no-code platform designed to reduce the manual coding that powers many software apps. As an active participant in the European hacking community, he works on many open source projects including blockchain. Cédric is a winner of multiple hackathons. His expertise include designing back end, event-based, and blockchain systems. Cédric is also the founded Disruptr GmbH, a software development company that offers full spectrum of services for businesses of all sizes.

JAVA full-stack developer since 2000, in Blockchain since 2017, Certified Scrum Master 2012, Corda Certified Developer in 2019, Ethereum smart contract expert in the SWISS Blockchain Security working group


  • HackZurich 2022 – Level Up in top 25 finalist among 134 submissions
  • SBHACK21 – SwiFi winner of best Solution on Algorand, overall Winner 3rd Prize, CV Labs Fast Track Ticket
  • HackZurich 2020 Europe’s Biggest Hackathon winner in category Migros
  • SBHACK19 – LendIt winner of Swiss biggest Blockchain Hackathon. On chain insurance and ledger for agricultural land soil.
  • Member of the Bitcoin Association Switzerland and Cryptovalley association Switzerland,

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