Notes

  • A Docker image is a lightweight, stand-alone, executable package of a piece of software that includes everything needed to run it: code, runtime, system tools, system libraries, settings. Available for both Linux and Windows based apps, containerized software will always run the same, regardless of the environment. Containers isolate software from its surroundings, for example differences between development and staging environments and help reduce conflicts between teams running different software on the same infrastructure.
  • A container is a runtime instance of an image—what the image becomes in memory when actually executed. It runs completely isolated from the host environment by default, only accessing host files and ports if configured to do so. Container are stateless and should be considered read only! (you can go inside the container change data, but at container creation your changes are lost)
  • Both MYSQL (Data, users) and Wordpress (plugins, themes, uploads) are stateful, so we have to use Docker volume to persist data across container restart.
  • expose: 3306 will let you connect later with MySQLWorbench to the port from outside of the container. it is optional.
  • depends_on tell wordpress to wait till mysql db container is up
  • The always restart policy tells Docker to restart the container under every circumstance. What’s great about the always restart policy is that even if our Docker host was to crash on boot, the Docker service will restart our container.
We will be using the official Wordpress image from Docker HUB But first let's create a file uploads.ini to avoid issues later on while uploading plugins in wordpress.

file_uploads = On
memory_limit = 256M
upload_max_filesize = 256M
post_max_size = 300M
max_execution_time = 600
Create a new file docker-compose.yml, adapt values to your liking, especially all passwords and username. Note that MYSQL and Worpress data are persisted OUTSIDE of container.

version: '2'

services:
  wordpress:
    depends_on:
       - db
    image: wordpress:latest
    volumes:
     - ./uploads.ini:/usr/local/etc/php/conf.d/uploads.ini
     - ./file-wordpress:/var/www/html
    ports:
      - 80:80
      - 443:443
    restart: always
    environment:
      WORDPRESS_DB_HOST: db
      WORDPRESS_DB_USER: wordpress
      WORDPRESS_DB_PASSWORD: wordpress
      WORDPRESS_TABLE_PREFIX: abcd
  db:
    image: mysql:5.7
    volumes:
      - ./db-wordpress:/var/lib/mysql
    restart: always
    expose:
      - "3306"
    environment:
      MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD: wordpress
      MYSQL_DATABASE: wordpress
      MYSQL_USER: wordpress
      MYSQL_PASSWORD: wordpress

The docker-compose up command aggregates the output of each container. It Builds, (re)creates, starts, and attaches to containers for a service. When the command exits, all containers are stopped. Running docker-compose up -d starts the containers in the background and leaves them running. To start Wordpress in the background

docker-compose up -d
To find the name of the container
docker ps -a
or
docker-compose ps
To read the logs file
docker logs wordpress
docker logs db
To go inside the container (remember all changes in there are lost at container restart)
docker exec -it wordpress bash
To delete all volume
docker-compose  rm -v