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How to install Atlassian Confluence in 15 minutes

Create user and user group

ADDED: Better run these web applications with their own user group and user for more security…This is not required, but follow Linux best practices, thus highly recommended.

The groupadd command creates a new group account using the values specified on the command line and the default values from the system.

# groupadd confluence

The useradd command allow a super user or root to create a new user or updates default new user information.

# useradd -g confluence -c 'confluence user for confluence' -m confluence

Be that user, for all next operations

# su – confluence

You are now in the new home of user confluence.

/home/confluence /#

Install Confuence

Get the latest standalone version

# wget http://www.atlassian.com/software/confluence/downloads/binary/confluence-3.1.1-std.tar.gz

Unpack it

# tar –xvf confluence-3.1.1-std.tar.gz

ADDED: To avoid having version number and make software updates easier, create a symbolic link (symlink). This will avoid to have in all your scripts a reference to the version number, thus keeping them more or less generic.

# ln –s /home/confluence/confluence-3.1.1-std /home/confluence/confluence

Customization of profile

ADDED: I do not like to type too much, that why all server where I went are full of aliases. This help also other developers to locate quickly interesting functions on the system.

# cd

Open the Bashrc and put at the end

# vi .bashrc

At least these 4 alias, you are free to define more. Think also that they may be seen as documentation.

alias rel='cd /home/confluence/confluence/'
alias logs='tail -F /home/confluence/confluence/logs/*'
alias cstart='/home/confluence/confluence/bin/startup.sh'
alias cstop='/home/confluence/confluence/bin/shutdown.sh'

To make you life easier, you’ll be able now to start and stop Confluence by issuing a cstart or cstop, watch logs by typing logs

Prepare database configuration

Go to confluence home

# cd

If you are using MySQL (most of the time you are), you’ll have to get the driver from internet due to licensing issues

# wget http://mirror.switch.ch/ftp/mirror/mysql/Downloads/Connector-J/mysql-connector-java-5.1.10.zip

Install unzip if not available on your system

# apt-get install unzip

Unpack drivers in current directory

# unzip mysql-connector-java-5.1.10.zip

Search the driver file. I do this to avoid searching or typing for it

# find /home/confluence/ -name mysql*.jar

This should return something like mysql-connector-java-5.1.10/mysql-connector-java-5.1.10-bin.jar.

Copy this drivers into tomcat shared lib, aka into /home/confluence/confluence/lib

# cp mysql-connector-java-5.1.10/mysql-connector-java-5.1.10-bin.jar /home/confluence/confluence/lib

Create new database schema and user

# mysql –u root –p
mysql> create database confluence character set utf8;
mysql> CREATE USER 'confluence'@'localhost'
        IDENTIFIED BY 'xxxxxxxxxx';

mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON confluence
        TO 'confluence'@'localhost' WITH GRANT OPTION;
mysql>  FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

Configure Confluence to connect to this new database

Open /home/confluence/confluence/conf/server.xml and add in yellow the configuration for your database.






username="confluence"
password="xxxxxxxxxx"
driverClassName="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"
url="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/confluence?autoReconnect=true&useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=UTF8"
maxActive="20"
maxIdle="7"
validationQuery="select 1" />


Start Confluence

Issue a

# cstart; logs

and check logs to see if there is no fatal error occurring before visiting your browser http://yourserverIP:8081/confluence to continue installation.

Scripts (optional)

Create a new init.d script for Confluence

ADDED: Are for starting and stopping easily Confluence, in a standard way. This is something missing currently in the manuals. Here I present you maybe the most basic script ever made, but its purpose is just to be called later on by a rc.d as you will see later.

# vi /etc/init.d/confluence

And place inside the following

 
#!/bin/bash 

RETVAL=0 
NORMAL_PORT=8009 

start() { 
su -l confluence -c '/home/confluence/confluence/bin/startup.sh' 
} 

stop() { 
su -l confluence -c '/home/confluence/confluence/bin/shutdown.sh' 
} 

status() { 
echo "not implemented" 
} 

findShutdownPort() { 
SHUTDOWN_PORT=`netstat -vatn|grep LISTEN|grep $NORMAL_PORT|wc –l` 
} 

case "$1" in 
start) 
start 
;; 
stop) 
stop 
;; 
restart) 
stop 
start 
;; 
redebug) 
stop 
debug 
;; 
status) 
status 
;; 
*) 
echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|restart|redebug|status}" 
exit 1 
esac 
exit $RETVAL

# chown u+x /etc/init.d/confluence

Rc.d scripts

ADDED: This will start automatically Confluence in runlevel 5 if machine if ever restarted

# cd /etc/rc5.d

Create a symbolic link to the Init.d script for starting

# ln -s ../init.d/confluence S20confluence

And stopping

# ln -s ../init.d/confluence k20confluence

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